Effective connectivity of the posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortices relates to working memory impairment in schizophrenic and bipolar patients

Guowei Wu, Yunxia Wang, Tumbwene E. Mwansisya, Weidan Pu, Huiran Zhang, Chang Liu, Qing Yang, Eric Y.H. Chen, Zhimin Xue, Zhening Liu, Baoci Shan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar I disorder (BD) share many overlapping clinical features, confounding the current diagnostic systems. Recent studies suggest the posterior cingulate (PCC) and medial prefrontal (MPFC) cortices that are involved in SZ and BD pathophysiology. However, the roles of PCC and MPFC in providing specific distinctive and shared neural substrates between these two disorders remain largely unknown. Examining the neurophysiologic mechanism of these diseases may help explain the clinical observations and differentiate the two disorders. Methods: We used the Dynamic Casual Modeling (DCM), which is capable of eliciting hidden neuronal dynamics and reveal cross-regulation of multiple neuronal systems, to characterize the pattern of disrupted effective connectivity in the left PCC-MPFC circuit during working memory tasks in 36 SZ and 20 BD patients as well as 29 healthy controls. Results: Compared to the healthy controls, both SZ and BD patient groups exhibited significant negative effective connectivity from the left MPFC to PCC. The negative effective connectivity was more remarkable in schizophrenic patients. Only patients with BD differed from healthy controls with positive effective connectivity from the left PCC to MPFC. Conclusions: Whole brain analysis revealed deactivation of the left PCC and MPFC across all patient groups. This study provides new insight that changes in effective connectivity of the left MPFC to left PCC circuit during working memory processing may be a core pathophysiological feature distinguishing SZ from BD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume158
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Cognition
  • Dynamic causal modeling
  • Effective connectivity
  • Schizophrenia

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