Environmental factors and stroke: Risk and prevention

Annemarei Ranta, Serefnur Ozturk, Mohammad Wasay, Maurice Giroud, Yannick Béjot, Jacques Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Stroke is a leading cause of death and adult disability globally. In addition to traditional risk factors, environmental risk factors have emerged over the recent past and are becoming increasingly important. The disproportionate rise of stroke incidence in low- and middle-income countries has been attributed, at least in part, to environmental factors. This narrative review provides details on the interplay between the environment and health generally and stroke specifically, covering topics including air pollution, atmospheric brown clouds, desert dust storms, giant wildfires, chemical contamination, biological aggressors, urbanization, and climate change. It also covers some beneficial environmental effects such as can be harnessed from the exposure to green spaces. It concludes with a summary of pragmatic actions that can be taken to help address some of these challenges at individual, community, and political advocacy levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120860
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2023


  • Air pollution
  • Climate change
  • Environmental risk factors
  • Green spaces
  • Stroke
  • Stroke prevention


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