Epidemiology and perceptions of non-fatal burns among select youth (15–24 years old) from Peshawar Pakistan; a sequential explanatory mixed methods study

Sarwat Masud, Adnan A. Hyder, Uzma Rahim Khan, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Pammla Petrucka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Burns are among the top five cause of unintentional injuries among youth. We aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors of burns in select youth from Pakistan and also explored their perceptions about burns. Methods: A sequential explanatory mixed methods study was conducted which comprised of two phases. Phase 1 consisted of a cross-sectional quantitative survey (QUAN) in which 550 vocational school youth (15 to 24 years-olds) filled out the WHO community survey tool for injuries and violence and provided data on burns in previous 12 months (2021–22). Phase 2 consisted of qualitative (QUAL), in-depth interviews (IDIs) with participants selected from Phase 1 based on the occurrence of burns. STATA™ version 15.1 was used for Phase 1 data analysis and Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial regression was used for determining the Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) of burns. Thematic analysis was performed for in-depth interviews from Phase 2. Results: Out of 547 participants, 356 (65%) were males while 191 (35%) were females. Burns were reported by 85 participants (15%). A total of 137 counts of burns were reported showing multiple burns by some participants. The IRR for burns among young females was 2.89 (1.78–4.69) compared to males in the previous 12 months (2021–22). Age, sex, father's education, and combined family income were significant risk factors for burns in youth. Six IDIs were conducted with burn victims, two were males while six were females. Four cooking-related burns, and two occupational burns during vocational training were reported. Themes that emerged from IDIs were internal and external factors, personal carelessness and lack of knowledge and safety about burns. Two sub-themes that were significant for recovery from burns were family support and access to healthcare. Conclusion: Young females are at a higher risk of burn injuries in Pakistan. Various social, demographic, and behavioral risk factors are associated with burns. Pre-burn and post-burn interventions are needed for prevention from burns in youth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
JournalBurns Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Adolescents
  • Burns
  • Pakistan
  • Unintentional burns
  • Unintentional injuries
  • Youth


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