The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of ethnic identity and acculturation strategies with psychological well- being among adolescents with an immigrant background in Kenya. A total of 269 adolescents from five high schools were involved. The sample included adolescents from Asian, Arab, and Somali immigrant backgrounds alongside native- born. A wide set of measures including the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure, Measure of Acculturation Orientation, Social Demographic Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire and the Brief Students Multi- Dimensional Life Satisfaction Scale were administered. Ethnic identity (particularly the subscale on sense of ethnic belonging) was positively correlated with life satisfaction and psychological well- being. Moreover, cultural orientation towards the country of origin was closely related to psychological well- being. In conclusion, ethnic identity was associated with better psychological well- being among Kenyan adolescents. Conceptual models developed in the West can be applied in the African context when both sociocultural and economic factors are taken into consideration.
|Title of host publication
|The Impact of Immigration on Children's Development
|S. Karger AG
|Number of pages
|Published - 14 Nov 2011