Etiological Spectrum of Empyema Thoracis in Children at Tertiary Care Centre

Muhammad Nauman, Afsheen Batool Raza, Farrah Naz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: 1. To find out etiological spectrum of empyema thoracis in children presenting in a tertiary care center. 2. To see relationship of etiology with age and duration of fever. Study Design: Cross sectional study Place and Duration of Study: The study took place from September 15, 2020, to March 15, 2022 at The Children’s Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Lahore, Pakistan. Material and Methods: Total 335 patients who met the criteria for participation were enrolled. After getting a detailed history and a full clinical examination, tests like a blood culture and sensitivity, chest X-ray, chest ultrasonography, and a pleural tap were done. Antibiotics were given, and a chest tube was put in if it was necessary. Results: About 35.22 percent (118) of the 335 cases were between 2 months and 5 years old, and 64.78 percent (217) were between 6 and 14 years old. Empyema thoracis in children was caused by bacteria in 61.49 percent (n=206) of cases, chest surgery in 23.28 percent (n=78) of cases, chest trauma in 11.64 percent (n=39) of cases, and tuberculosis in 1.49 percent (n=5) of cases. Conclusion: We came to the conclusion that bacterial infection is the main cause of empyema thoracis in children, followed by chest surgery and chest trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Paediatric Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Bacterial infection
  • Chest tube
  • Empyema thoracis


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