Etiology and outcome of pulmonary renal syndrome: Retrospective study from a tertiary care hospitaln

Farah Gul Khan, Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan

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To determine the aetiology, clinical characteristics and outcome of patients admitted with pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS). This retrospective analysis was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital from 2011 to 2015. A total of 17 adult patients admitted with PRS were included and followed up for a period of one year for the outcome of PRS as recovery, dialysis dependency or death. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) was found to be the single most frequent cause in 13 (76.4%) patients. The c o mm o n e s t c a u s e o f A AV w a s fo u n d t o b e Granulomatous polyangitis (GPA) in 10 (58.8%) followed by Microscopic angitis in 3 (17.6%) patients. Around 12 (70.5%) patients survived, 11 (64.7%) recovered while 1 patient remained dialysis dependent. Mortality rate was 29.4% and all these patients had severe alveolar haemorrhages. None of our patient died or relapsed during one year follow up.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalSection of Urology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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