Etiology and outcome of pulmonary renal syndrome: Retrospective study from a tertiary care hospitaln

Farah Gul Khan, Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan

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Abstract

To determine the aetiology, clinical characteristics and outcome of patients admitted with pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS). This retrospective analysis was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital from 2011 to 2015. A total of 17 adult patients admitted with PRS were included and followed up for a period of one year for the outcome of PRS as recovery, dialysis dependency or death. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) was found to be the single most frequent cause in 13 (76.4%) patients. The c o mm o n e s t c a u s e o f A AV w a s fo u n d t o b e Granulomatous polyangitis (GPA) in 10 (58.8%) followed by Microscopic angitis in 3 (17.6%) patients. Around 12 (70.5%) patients survived, 11 (64.7%) recovered while 1 patient remained dialysis dependent. Mortality rate was 29.4% and all these patients had severe alveolar haemorrhages. None of our patient died or relapsed during one year follow up.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalSection of Urology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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