Etiologya tertiaryandcareoutcomehospitalof pulmonary renal syndrome: Retrospective study from

Farah Gul Khan, Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan

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2 Citations (Scopus)


To determine the aetiology, clinical characteristics and outcome of patients admitted with pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS). This retrospective analysis was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital from 2011 to 2015. A total of 17 adult patients admitted with PRS were included and followed up for a period of one year for the outcome of PRS as recovery, dialysis dependency or death. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) was found to be the single most frequent cause in 13 (76.4%) patients. The co mm onest caus e o f AAV was found to be Granulomatous polyangitis (GPA) in 10 (58.8%) followed by Microscopic angitis in 3 (17.6%) patients. Around 12 (70.5%) patients survived, 11 (64.7%) recovered while 1 patient remained dialysis dependent. Mortality rate was 29.4% and all these patients had severe alveolar haemorrhages. None of our patient died or relapsed during one year follow up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-591
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • Acute kidney injury (AKI)
  • Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease
  • Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis
  • Diffuse alveolar haemorrhages (DAH)
  • Pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)


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