Exploring English-language teachers' professional development in developing countries: Cases from Syria and Pakistan

Ruba Dayoub, Ayesha Bashiruddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This paper attempts to present the findings of a study carried out in Pakistan that explored English-language teachers' professional development in developing countries. The main guiding question for the study was: How do English-language teachers at secondary schools learn to teach and develop professionally in Syria and Pakistan? Two cases were taken for the study; one from Syria and one from Pakistan. A blend of self-study research and case-study method was used to explore the professional development of the two teachers. Four major findings were drawn by doing a cross-case analysis. The findings show that these teachers were self-directed learners, they learned from various in-service experiences, from an enabling environment and opportunities in school and by getting support from home. These findings have two thought-provoking implications for school and for teacher education in developing countries where professional development is not well structured. First, that schools should think carefully of developing sustained professional development programs within schools, and second, that English-language teachers need both pre-service and in-service teacher education. Thus, teacher educators, policy-makers and other decision-making bodies should consider long-term ongoing professional development for teachers of English.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-611
Number of pages23
JournalProfessional Development in Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • English-language teachers
  • Pakistan
  • Syria
  • developing country
  • professional development


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