Extra-neural Metastatic Potential of Primary Central Nervous System Malignancies

Ummey Hani, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Extraneural metastases of primary central nervous system malignancies are rare and challenging pathologies, with unknown metastatic mechanism and no consensus regarding the best treatment regimen. Herein, we have reviewed the literature to help elucidate characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes of patients with metastatic primary brain tumours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2485-2488
Number of pages4
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number12B
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • glioblastoma; extra-neural metastasis; extracranial metastasis; medulloblastoma; ventriculoperitoneal shunt


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