Factor structure and item response of psychosis symptoms among Kenyan adults

Florence Jaguga, Amantia Ametaj, Hannah H. Kim, Rocky E. Stroud, Charles R. Newton, Symon M. Kariuki, Edith Kamaru Kwobah, Lukoye Atwoli, Bizu Gelaye, Kristina J. Korte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of the psychosis module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 7.0.2 (MINI-7). Method: We utilized data collected from 2738 participants with a primary psychotic or bipolar disorder. Participants were drawn from two Kenyan sites of a large multi-center neuropsychiatric genetic study. The factor structure of the MINI-7 psychosis items were explored using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and Item Response Theory approach, for the full sample and by gender. Results: The CFA revealed that a 1-factor model provided adequate fit for the MINI-7 psychosis items for the full sample (x2 = 397.92, df = 35, p < .0001; RMSEA = 0.06; CFI = 0.92; TLI = 0.90) as well as for the female (x2 = 185.16.92, df = 35, p < .0001; RMSEA = 0.06; CFI = 0.93; TLI = 0.91) and male groups (x2 = 242.09, df = 35, p < .0001; RMSEA = 0.06; CFI = 0.92; TLI = 0.89). Item thresholds for the full sample, and female and male groups were highest for ‘odd beliefs’ (−1.42, −1.33, and −1.51 respectively) and lowest for ‘visual hallucinations’ (−0.03, −0.04, and −0.01 respectively). Limitations: Our study used a hospital-based population, which may have excluded patients with milder psychotic symptoms. Findings may therefore not be generalizable to the community setting. Conclusions: Our findings indicate good construct validity of the MINI-7 psychosis module, and provides support for use of the tool in diagnosing psychotic disorders in clinical settings in Kenya.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022


  • Factor structure
  • Item response
  • Kenya
  • Mini international neuropsychiatric interview
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychosis


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