Factors associated with low birthweight in term pregnancies: A matched case–control study from rural Pakistan

Muhammad A. Habib, Camille R. Greenow, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Soofi, Abid Hussain, Qamar Junejo, Amjad Hussain, Fariha Shaheen, Kirsten I. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low birthweight (LBW) remains a significant public health problem in Pakistan and further understanding of factors associated with LBW is required. We conducted a hospital-based matched case control study to identify risk factors associated with LBW in a rural district of Pakistan. We found that illiteracy (AOR: 2.68; 95% CI: 1.59- 4.38), nulliparity (AOR: 1.82; 95% CI: 1.26-2.44), having a previous miscarriage/abortion (AOR: 1.22; 95% CI: 1.06-2.35), having < 2 antenatal care (ANC) visits during last pregnancy (AOR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.34-2.88), seeking ANC in third trimester (AOR: 3.62; 95% CI : 2.14-5.03), non-use of iron folic acid during last pregnancy (AOR: 2.72; 95% CI: 1.75-3.17), having hypertension during last pregnancy (AOR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.13-2.20), being anemic (AOR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.65-5.24) and having postpartum weight of <45 kg (AOR: 3.30; 95% CI : 1.97-4.52) were significantly associated with an increased odds of having a LBW baby. Our study identifies modifiable risk factors requiring immediate commitment from the health authorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-763
Number of pages10
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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