Family-centered rounds in Pakistani pediatric intensive care settings: Non-randomized pre- and post-study design

Laila Akbar Ladak, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Muhammad Muneer Amanullah, Anwarul Haque, Khairulnissa Ajani, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Involvement of family in bedside rounds is one strategy to implement family-centered care to help families get clear information about their child, and be actively involved in decision-making about care. However in developing countries such as Pakistan, daily bedside rounds include the physician, residents, medical students and a nurse/technician. Parents are not currently a part of these rounds. Objective: To assess whether family-centered rounds improve parents' and health care professionals' satisfaction, decrease patient length of stay, and improve time utilization when compared to traditional practice rounds in a population with a low literacy rate, socioeconomic status, and different cultural values and beliefs. Design: A non-randomized before-after study design. Setting: A private hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Participants: A convenience sample of 82 parents, whose children were hospitalized for a minimum of 48. h, and 25 health care professionals able to attend two consecutive rounds. Methods: During the before phase, traditional bedside rounds were practiced; and during after phase, family-centered rounds were practiced. Parents and health care professionals completed a questionnaire on the second day of rounds. An observational form facilitated data collection on length of stay and time utilization during. Results: Parents' ratings during the family-centered rounds were significantly higher for some parental satisfaction items: evidence of team work (p= 0.007), use of simple language during the rounds (p= 0.002), feeling of inclusion in discussion at rounds (p= 0.03), decision making (p= 0.01), and preference for family-centered rounds (p= <0.001). No significant differences were found in health care professionals' satisfaction between rounds. Patient length of stay was significantly reduced in the family-centered rounds group, while no significant difference was found in the duration of rounds. Family-centered rounds served as an opportunity for parents to correct/add to patient history or documentation. Conclusion: Parents were satisfied with both forms of rounds; however, they appeared to have a greater preference for family-centered rounds than health care professionals. Family-centered rounds were a resource for Pakistani parents, enabling direct communication with the medical team without impacting on the time required to complete rounds. Family-centered rounds may improve quality of care such as decreasing length of stay or preventing critical incidents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-726
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


  • Family-centered care
  • Family-centered rounds
  • Pediatric intensive care units
  • Pediatric nursing


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