FIGHT-101, a first-in-human study of potent and selective FGFR 1-3 inhibitor pemigatinib in pan-cancer patients with FGF/FGFR alterations and advanced malignancies

V. Subbiah, N. O. Iannotti, M. Gutierrez, D. C. Smith, L. Féliz, C. F. Lihou, C. Tian, I. M. Silverman, T. Ji, M. Saleh

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90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The phase I/II FIGHT-101 study (NCT02393248) evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary efficacy of pemigatinib, a potent and selective fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1-3 inhibitor, as monotherapy or in combination therapy, for refractory advanced malignancies, with and without fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and receptor (FGFR) gene alterations. Patients and methods: Eligible, molecularly unselected patients with advanced malignancies were included in part 1 (dose escalation; 3 + 3 design) to determine the maximum tolerated dose. Part 2 (dose expansion) evaluated the recommended phase II dose in tumors with or where FGF/FGFR activity is relevant. Results: Patients (N = 128) received pemigatinib 1-20 mg once daily intermittently (2 weeks on/1 week off; n = 70) or continuously (n = 58). No dose-limiting toxicities were reported. Doses ≥4 mg were pharmacologically active (maximum tolerated dose not reached; recommended phase II dose 13.5 mg once daily). The most common treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was hyperphosphatemia (75.0%; grade ≥3, 2.3%); the most common grade ≥3 TEAE was fatigue (10.2%). Dose interruption, dose reduction, and TEAE-related treatment discontinuation occurred in 66 (51.6%), 14 (10.9%), and 13 (10.2%) patients, respectively. Overall, 12 partial responses were achieved, most commonly in cholangiocarcinoma (n = 5) as well as in a broad spectrum of tumors including head and neck, pancreatic, gallbladder, uterine, urothelial carcinoma, recurrent pilocytic astrocytoma, and non-small-cell lung cancer (each n = 1); median duration of response was 7.3 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.3-14.5 months]. Overall response rate was highest for patients with FGFR fusions/rearrangements [n = 5; 25.0% (95% CI 8.7% to 49.1%)], followed by those with FGFR mutations [n = 3; 23.1% (95% CI 5.0% to 53.8%)]. Conclusions: Pemigatinib was associated with a manageable safety profile and pharmacodynamic and clinical activity, with responses seen across tumors and driven by FGFR fusions/rearrangements and mutations. These results prompted a registrational study in cholangiocarcinoma and phase II/III trials in multiple tumor types demonstrating the benefit of precision therapy, even in early phase trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-533
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • FGFR
  • advanced malignancies
  • genomic profiling
  • pemigatinib
  • phase I/II clinical trial

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