Five year evaluation of the complications observed in porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns placed at a university hospital

Shizrah Jamal, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Kamil Zafar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the frequency of complications in crowns cemented over a 5-year period in a tertiary care hospital and also to report the survival of these crowns. Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from March 2017 to March 2018 and comprised porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns placed on the anterior or posterior teeth that were fabricated at the institutional laboratory and were placed in institutional dental clinics in the preceding 5 years. Porcelain-fused-to-metal The crowns were clinically and radio-graphically evaluated in a duration of two months for presence / absence of complications. Factors associated with the failure of the crowns, their survival and the impact of covariates, like gender, flossing and bruxism, on the survival time were determined. Data was analysed using SPSS 22. Results: There were 150 crowns related to 107 patients who had a mean age of 45.0±11.4 years. The most common complication observed was open proximal contacts 9(6%) followed by de-cementation 8(5.3%), porcelain chipping 9(6%) and abutment fracture 2(1.3%). The 5-year survival rate of the crowns was 127(84.7%). The mean follow-up time was 57.2±1.0 months. Overall, year-wise survival of PFM crowns for one year till five years was 147 (98%), 144 (96%), 135 (90%), 130 (86%) and 119 (79%) respectively. Conclusion: The porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns had a high 5-year survival rate. Open proximal contacts represented the most common complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-850
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Complications
  • Crown
  • Metal-ceramic


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