Four-stage audit demonstrating increased uptake of HIV testing in acute neurology admissions using staged practical interventions

Dilraj Singh Sokhi, Chantal Oxenham, Rebecca Coates, Mhairi Forbes, Nadi K. Gupta, Daniel J. Blackburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. UK National Guidelines (UKNG) advise HIV testing in clinically indicated neurological presentations. We audited the impact of our practical strategies to increase uptake of HIV testing at a regional acute neurology admissions unit. Methods. We audited HIV testing in 4 periods over 2 years: before we designed a UKNG-based "HIV testing in Neurology" protocol ("pre-protocol"); after dissemination of the protocol alone ("post-protocol"); post-protocol dissemination combined with both a tailored departmental admissions clerking proforma to prompt for HIV testing & consenting, and regular focussed tutorials to doctors on HIV testing in neurological patients ("post-proforma"); and finally one year after the post-proforma period ("+1 year"). We also looked at the total number of HIV tests sent from the unit during the two-year period. We assessed significance using Fisher's exact test. Results. 47.8% of all acute neurology non-stroke admissions were eligible for HIV testing during all the audit periods. Testing rates were as follows: pre-protocol 21.9%; post-protocol 36.6%; post-proforma 83.3%; and at +1 year 65.4% (p<0.05 for both post-protocol and +1 year when compared to pre-protocol). Documentation of consent for HIV testing improved from 25% to 67.6% with the HIV-tailored clerking proforma. The total number of HIV tests requested from the unit doubled in the post-proforma period compared to pre-protocol (p<0.05). Conclusion. In conclusion: the combination of an HIV testing protocol, a tailored departmental clerking proforma and regular focussed teaching to doctors on indications for HIV testing led to a sustained increase in HIV testing uptake in our regional acute neurology admissions unit.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0134574
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2015
Externally publishedYes

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