Fractal fractional analysis of non linear electro osmotic flow with cadmium telluride nanoparticles

Saqib Murtaza, Poom Kumam, Attapol Kaewkhao, Naveed Khan, Zubair Ahmad

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulations of non-linear Casson nanofluid flow were carried out in a microchannel using the fractal-fractional flow model. The nano-liquid is prepared by dispersing Cadmium Telluride nanoparticles in common engine oil. Using relative constitutive equations, the system of mathematical governing equations has been formulated along with initial and boundary conditions. Dimensionless variables have been used to obtain the non-dimensional form of the governing equations. The fractal-fractional model has been obtained by employing the fractal-fractional operator of the exponential kernel. As the exact solution of the non-linear fractal-fractional model is very tough to find, therefore the formulated model has been solved numerically via the Crank-Nicolson scheme. Various plots are generated for the inserted parameters. From the analysis, it has been observed that a greater magnitude of the electro-kinetic parameter slows down the fluid's velocity. It is also worth noting that the fractional and classical models can also be derived from the fractal-fractional model by taking the parameters tend to zero. From the analysis, it is also observed that in response to 0.04 volume fraction of cadmium telluride nanoparticles, the rate of heat transfer (Nusselt number) and rate of mass transfer (Sherwood number) increased by 15.27% and 2.07% respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20226
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


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