Frequency and characteristic features of portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with viral cirrhosis

Shahid Ahmed, Khalid Mumtaz, Umair Syed Ahmed, Hasnain Ali Shah, Shahab Abid, Saeed Hamid, Wasim Jafri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the frequency and specific characteristic features of portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) in cirrhosis due to viral etiology. Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from June 2006 till June 2008. Methodology: Patients with hepatitis B and C cirrhosis were included who underwent screening esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) for varices. Baveno III consensus statement was used for diagnosing PHG on endoscopy and divided them into two subgroups i.e. mild and severe. Data related to platelet/spleen ratio, MELD score and Child Turcotte Pugh (CTP) score indicating severity of cirrhosis were recorded in all patients. Findings were compared by using independent sample t-test. Results: Out of 360 patients who underwent screening EGD, 226 (62.8%) were males. Two hundred and eighty one (78%) had hepatitis C while 79 (22%) suffered from hepatitis B related cirrhosis. Three hundred patients (83.3%) had PHG while 71 (24%) had severe PHG. Higher proportion of esophageal varices (89.7%) was present among those who had PHG (p < 0.001). On univariate analysis lower platelet counts (117±55 vs. 167±90; p < 0.001), increased spleen size (14.1±2.9 cm vs. 12±2.4cm; p < 0.001) were found in PHG patients as compared to those without it. Similarly, lower platelet/spleen ratio was noted in patients with severe PHG (916±400 vs. 1477±899; p < 0.001). Furthermore, on multivariate analysis CTP score > 8 MELD score > 12 and platelets/spleen ratio < 900 were significantly associated factors with severe PHG. Conclusion: Frequency of PHG was 83% while severe PHG was seen in 24% cases of viral hepatic cirrhosis. MELD score > 12, CTP score ≥ 8 and platelets/spleen ratio < 900 were significant factors of severe PHG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-718
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • Cirrhosis
  • Gastropathy
  • MELD score
  • Portal
  • Varices
  • Viral


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