Frequency of different types of vernal keratoconjunctivitis in patients presenting a tertiary care hospital

Muhammad Irfan, Shahid Abdur Rauf Khan, Waliullah Jan, Zeeshanullah Khan, Kamran Khalid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of different types of vernal kerato- conjunctivitis presenting to ophthalmology department of Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Methodology: This was a cross sectional study. A total of 165 patients were examined through slit lamp and diagnosed as vernal kerato-conjunctivitis on the basis of pre-determined criteria. After diagnosis, they were classified into three types. Percentages were calculated for the types of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis in each group. Data was stratified among different age groups and gender. Chi-squared test was used to calculate the significance for categorical variables. Results: Out of 165 patients, 105 were male and 60 were female. Age ranged from 5-16 years with mean and SD of 9 ± 2.8 years. Average duration of symptoms was 4 ± 1.6 years. Age group of 9-12 years had highest number of patients which was 66 (40%) while the lowest number of patients were observed in age group 13-16 years that was 41 (25%). Palpebral vernal kerato- conjunctivitis was the most frequent type of kerato-conjunctivitis seen in 47%, limbal was 30% and mixed type was seen in 23%. Conclusion: Vernal kerato-conjunctivitis was more frequent in male gender while palpebral type was the most common presentation in our studied population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-230
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Postgraduate Medical Institute
Volume34
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allergens
  • Conjunctival papillae
  • Horner-trantas dots
  • Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

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