Frequency of Peri-operative Hypertension in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan

Momena Sohail, Aysha Almas, Ayesha Majeed, Bushra Usmani, Aamir Hameed Khan, Gauher Afshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aims to determine the frequency of perioperative hypertension and its types (pre, intra and post-operative) hypertension in patients admitted for surgical procedures. This was a cross-sectional study conducted between the years 2012-2013 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Patients admitted for any surgical procedure during this time were included. Perioperative hypertension has been defined as systolic blood pressure of >140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure of >90 mm Hg or whose blood pressure increased by 20% during surgery. A total of 428 surgical procedures were reviewed for the study. Overall perioperative hypertension was present in 231 (54%) of the patients. In the sample, 91 (21.7%) had pre-operative hypertension, 126(29.4%) reported pre-surgery hypertension, 24(5.6%) had intra-operative hypertension and 63(14.7%) had post-operative hypertension. Mean pain score was 1.43(1.4) v 1.25(1.2) in those with postoperative hypertension v no post-operative hypertension (p value 0.009).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1187-1189
Number of pages3
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Hypertension, Per operative, Surgery


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