Frequency of typhoid fever and its association with seasonal variations in Taxila, Pakistan

Naeem Bukhari, Afshan Saleem, Abdul Jabbar, Sadiq Noor Khan, Bilal Ahmad, Nasir Habib, Abdul Haseeb, Azhar Khan, Muhammad Zahid Ali, Mohammad Adeeb Khan, Aftab Ahmad Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To analyse seropositivity rates of salmonella with seasonal variations in the population of Taxila and the surrounding rural areas. Methods The study was conducted among 760 suspected patients with symptoms of fever, headache, nausea and decreased white blood cells count screened for the typhoid fever. Blood samples collected from the suspected patients were tested for seropositivity by slide agglutination (Widal test) and Immunochromatographic test, i.e. Typhidot. Results From overall 760 suspected patients of typhoid fever only 192 (25.26%) samples were positive for Widal and Typhidot test. The peak seropositivity rates were identified during the months of April–June, while decreased cases were observed from January to March. Age wise distribution of typhoid fever reflected that age groups of 10–15 years and 25–35 years were at higher risks of developing enteric fever with respect to age groups of 5–10 years and 61–70 years, respectively. On gender basis evaluation, females (24.49%) were slightly at low risks of developing typhoid fever than males (25.9%). Conclusions The present study highlights a higher burden of typhoid fever in Taxila and the surrounding areas population that directly reflects the poor hygienic condition and contamination of drinking water. The frequency of typhoid fever fluctuates with seasonal variations as higher rates found during the summer as compared to winter season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-610
Number of pages3
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Pakistan
  • Seasonal variations
  • Taxila
  • Typhoid


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