Front-line management of pulmonary tuberculosis: An analysis of tuberculosis and treatment practices in urban Sindh, Pakistan

D. Marsh, R. Hashim, F. Hassany, N. Hussain, Z. Iqbal, A. Irfanullah, N. Islam, F. Jalisi, J. Janoo, K. Kamal, A. Kara, A. Khan, R. Khan, O. Mirza, T. Mubin, F. Pirzada, N. Rizvi, A. Hussain, G. Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Setting: Karachi and Hyderabad, Pakistan. Objective: To describe the level and quality of tuberculosis (TB) case management by non-TB control program (TCP) physicians in urban Sindh, Pakistan. Design: We interviewed 152 adults with pulmonary TB confirmed by Karachi's TB control program regarding the initial management of their TB symptoms before entering the TCP. We also surveyed 65 general practitioners (GPs) attending continuing education seminars with a multiple choice test to assess their management of suspected pulmonary TB. We compared both results to guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD). Results: Eighty percent (122/152) of patients first sought GPs. Only 14% of GPs performed any sputum test, at most, 17 (40%) of the 42 patients recalling their GP's treatment, received the recommended 4-drug regimen. However, 68% (45/65) of surveyed GPs chose correct treatment from a multiple choice format. But their initial laboratory investigations, follow-up, and treatment cessation criteria (9%, 9-31%, and 11% correct, respectively) demonstrated under-utilization of sputum tests and over-reliance on unhelpful tests. Conclusions: GPs first saw most of these TCP patients, but their weak management likely hinders TB control. A partnership between TB control programs and GPs could improve case management and hasten TB control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalTubercle and Lung Disease
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


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