Introduction: Limited data exists about gender's impact on differences in risk factors and outcomes in our setting. Therefore, we sought to ascertain sex-related differences in patients with AMI in our setting. Material and methods: This retrospective study analyzed data from 247 myocardial infarction patients hospitalized in a tertiary care hospital, between March and October 2020. After hospital admission, all patients underwent ECG, myocardial enzymes, troponin and other biochemical tests followed by primary PCI. Results: Patients were divided in two groups male (n = 153, mean age 55.2 ± 11.0 years) and female (n = 94, mean age 58.4 ± 12.7 years). The prevalence of smoking was higher in males than females (22.8% vs. 3.1%, p < 0.01) and so was history of three-vessel disease (3VD; 18.9% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.013). History of myocardial infarction was lower in females than males (13.8% vs. 24.8%, p = 0.03) however the age did not vary significantly between the two groups (p = 0.21). Serum creatinine (sCr) levels (1.0 ± 0.77 μmol/L vs. 1.2 ± 0.73 μmol/L, p = 0.28) and body mass index (28.4 ± 5.3 vs 27.4 ± 4.8, p = 0.45) were lower in females as compared to males, however not statistically significant. The incidence of major adverse events, severe arrhythmia and in-hospital outcomes showed no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the two groups. Post-op TIMI score and average length of hospital stay were not statistically different either (3.29 ± 2.9 vs. 2.6 ± 1.7, p = 0.726). Conclusion: Our study shows that females have a comparable age of onset of major cardiovascular events as that of males. Post-PCI clinical outcomes and in-hospital stay had no significant differences between the two groups.
- Adverse events
- Gender disparity