Genetic diversity of staphylococcus aureus strains from a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Syed, Bushra Jamil, Hazem Ramadan, Maria Rukan, Shahzad Ali, Shahid Ahmad Abbasi, Tiffanie A. Woodley, Charlene R. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Staphylococcus aureus is an important healthcare‐associated bacterium that causes a multitude of infections in humans such as superficial skin and soft tissue infections, necrotizing pneumonia, foodborne illnesses and postsurgical infections. Treatment of S. aureus infections has become more complicated due to the emergence of Methicillin‐Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), some of which are multidrug resistant. The present study aimed to characterize S. aureus isolates from a tertiary care hospital in the Rawalpindi district of Pakistan. Staphylococci were isolated from 300 clinical samples collected from January 2018 to January 2019 and S. aureus isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility and analyzed using Pulsed‐Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE), Multi‐ Locus Sequence Typing (MLST), staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) and spa typing. Approximately 25.3% (76/300) of the clinical samples were positive for S. aureus; of those, 88.2% (67/76) were mecA+ (MRSA). In addition to the β‐lactam antibiotics, high levels of resistance were also found to the fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin (73.7% each)). Of the 23 different spa types identified, the majority of isolates belonged to spa type t632 and t657 (9/66; 13.6% each spa type). ST772‐t657 (Bengal Bay clone) was the most commonly identified clone in this study although other clones circulating around different regions of the world were also found indicating the diversity in MRSA isolates from this area of Pakistan. This study emphasizes the need to monitor MRSA in the clinical setting for improved infection control and treatment options.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2301
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Multilocus sequence typing
  • Pulsed‐field gel electrophoresis
  • Staphylococcus aureus


Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic diversity of staphylococcus aureus strains from a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this