GRADE-ADOLOPMENT of clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis management—a Pakistani context

Sarah Nadeem, Alina Pervez, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Rehab Naeem Khalid, Nashia Ali Rizvi, Salima Saleem Aamdani, Bushra Ayub, Mohsin Ali Mustafa, Sibtain Ahmed, Mehmood Riaz, Khadija Irfan, Shahryar Noordin, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Masood Umer, Nawazish Zehra, Aisha Sheikh, Adil H. Haider, Aysha Habib Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Summary : Due to its high prevalence, we aimed to create postmenopausal osteoporosis clinical practice guideline via GRADE-ADOLOPMENT for Pakistan. We recommend a higher dose (2000–4000 IU) of vitamin D for osteoporotic patients who are old, have malabsorption, or are obese. The guideline will help standardize care provision and improve health care outcomes for osteoporosis. Purpose: Postmenopausal osteoporosis affects one in every five postmenopausal women in Pakistan. An evidence-based clinical practice guideline (CPG) is needed to standardize care provision to optimize health outcomes. Hence, we aimed to develop CPG for the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis in Pakistan. Methods: The GRADE-ADOLOPMENT process was used to adopt (as is or with minor changes), exclude (omit), or adapt (modify based on local context) recommendations to the source guideline (SG)—clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis—2020 update from American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE). Results: The SG was “adoloped” to cater to the local context. The SG consisted of 51 recommendations. Forty-five recommendations were adopted as is. Due to unavailability of drugs, 4 recommendations were adopted with minor changes, and one was excluded, while one recommendation was adopted with the inclusion of use of a surrogate FRAX tool specific for Pakistan. One recommendation regarding vitamin D dosage was adapted to recommend a dose of 2000–4000 IU of vitamin D in patients with obesity, malabsorption, and old age. Conclusion: The developed Pakistani postmenopausal osteoporosis guideline consists of 50 recommendations. The guideline created recommends a higher dose (2000–4000 IU) of vitamin D for patients who are old, have malabsorption, or are obese, which is an adaptation from the SG by the AACE. This higher dose is justified as lower doses prove to be suboptimal in these groups and should be complemented with baseline vitamin D and calcium levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
JournalArchives of Osteoporosis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Clinical practice guideline
  • Management
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pakistan
  • Postmenopausal


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