Green synthesis and characterisation of silver nanoparticles and their effects on antimicrobial efficacy and biochemical profiling in Citrus reticulata

Mubashir Hussain, Naveed Iqbal Raja, Zia Ur Rehman Mashwani, Farah Naz, Muhammad Iqbal, Sumaira Aslam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of nanoparticles by utilising plant extract has revolutionised the field of nanotechnology. In the present study, AgNPs were synthesised by utilising the leaves of Moringa oleifera as reducing and stabilising agent. UV-visible spectroscopy showed characteristic surface plasmon band in the range of 413–420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) elucidated rectangular segments fused together. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the crystalline nature of AgNPs and presence of metallic silver ions was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). The different concentrations (10, 20, 30 and 40 ppm) of AgNPs were exogenously applied on Citrus reticulata to record the disease incidence at different day intervals. The disease intensity was progressively increased in all the applied treatments with the passage of time. The 30 ppm concentration of AgNPs was found to be most suitable concentration for creating the resistance against brown spot disease. Moreover, the effects of AgNPs were also assessed for biochemical profiling in C. reticulata. The enhanced production of endogenous enzymes and non-enzymatic components was observed in response to 30 ppm concentration of AgNPs. The present work highlighted that green synthesised AgNPs can be as used as biological control of citrus diseases and the enhanced production of secondary metabolites antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-519
Number of pages6
JournalIET Nanobiotechnology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

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