Health workers’ experience of a digital health intervention implemented in peri-urban communities in Karachi, Pakistan

Kaniz Amna Haider, Omar Gulam, Rehan Adamjee, Benazir Balouch, Zahra Hoodbhoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: Digital health interventions (DHIs) have the potential to improve access and quality of care in low-middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability, usability and aesthetics of a DHI by frontline workers in peri-urban community settings in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A mixed-methods study was carried out in peri-urban field sites in Karachi, Pakistan, where maternal and childcare services are provided through front-line care providers using a DHI. These workers include community health workers, midwives, and physicians who were using the DHI for at least six months. For quantitative data, a questionnaire regarding the module design and interface, technical difficulty, and appropriate utilisation was assessed using a 5-point Likert scale. For qualitative data, focus group discussions (FGDs) based on experiences regarding operability, design, its effect on work efficiency and the provision of beneficial health services were conducted. Results: There were 93 respondents for the quantitative questionnaire who reported high satisfaction (>85%) with the DHI in many themes including content quality, aesthetics and ease of use. Participants were least satisfied with service quality (45% satisfaction only) due to issues related to data sync and network connections in these areas. During the FGDs, the workers stated that the DHI helped them with accessing previous data and providing quality health care services to the community. Conclusion: Although frontline workers reported a few technical difficulties while using the DHI, the majority reported that it was acceptable, had user-friendly features and was beneficial in their work processes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDigital Health
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Digital health
  • Pakistan
  • frontline health workers
  • maternal and child health
  • user experience


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