Hepatitis C care cascade before and during the direct-acting antiviral eras in New South Wales, Australia: A population-based linkage study

Mohammad T. Yousafzai, Maryam Alavi, Heather Valerio, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jason Grebely, Gregory J. Dore

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The hepatitis C virus (HCV) care cascade characterization is important for monitoring progress towards HCV elimination. This study evaluated HCV care cascade and factors associated with treatment during pre-DAA (2011–2012 and 2013–2015) and DAA (2016–2018) eras in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. We conducted a cohort study of people with an HCV notification (1993 to 2017) through end 2018, linked to administrative datasets, including HCV treatment and non-hospital services. Those aged <18 years, died within first 6 months of study period or notification, and who had successful HCV treatment in period before were excluded. Sex-specific spontaneous viral clearance was incorporated to estimate treatment-eligible population. The study population in each period were cumulative and brought forward from one period to the next. Among 115,667 people with HCV notification, 87,063 fulfilled eligibility criteria. During 2011 to 2012, 2013 to 2015, and 2016 to 2018, cumulative HCV notifications were 71,677, 77,969, and 80,017; 52,016, 56,793, and 57,467 were eligible for treatment; 29%, 48%, and 64% confirmed HCV RNA positive; and 0.6%, 5%, and 38% initiated HCV treatment, respectively. Birth cohort 1945 to 1964 (vs. ≥1965), males, non-Aboriginal ethnicity, regional/rural area of residence, and HCV/HIV co-infection were associated with higher treatment uptake. Incarceration and drug dependence were associated with higher treatment uptake during the DAA era. In Australia, many marginalized populations including those incarcerated and those with drug dependence have equitable treatment uptake in the DAA era. Targeted strategies are required to enhance treatment uptake for females and Aboriginal populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-261
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Viral Hepatitis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • DAA era
  • HCV
  • care cascade
  • data linkage
  • direct acting antiviral therapy
  • hepatitis C virus
  • pre-DAA era
  • treatment uptake


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