The study was done to find out pathologic processes in ophthalmic patients in different age group to understand the use, role and limitations of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of ocular pathology in this locality. A prospective study was done on total 143 patients from September 2004 to January 2006 who attended Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Mymensingh for ultrasound evaluation of eye. Total 100 (69.93%, n=100) cases were male and 43 (30.06%, n=43) cases were female. The age ranges were 2 months to 80 years. A variety of ocular pathology was diagnosed with the help of high resolution ultrasound (HRUS) with unique ultrasound appearance. Bulk of the referral patients had history of ocular trauma (38.46 %, n= 38) and most commonly detected pathology in these group are vitreous hemorrhage (34.44%, n=34) and cataract formation (28.28%, n=28). Almost all of the patients did not have conclusive diagnosis clinically and by conventional means available before ultrasonography were performed. High resolution sonography may be used as a valuable tool for evaluation of ophthalmic pathology as a well suited, noninvasive method, and only practical imaging modality for assessing those cases particularly when light conducting media are opaque.