Home health care after discharge is associated with lower readmission rates for patients with acute myocardial infarction

Muhammad A. Sheikh, David Ngendahimana, Salil V. Deo, Sajjad Raza, Salah E. Altarabsheh, Grant W. Reed, Ankur Kalra, Brian Cmolik, Samir Kapadia, Kim A. Eagle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We studied the utilization of home health care (HHC) among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, impact of HHC on and predictors of 30-day readmission. Methods We queried the National Readmission Database (NRD) from 2012 to 2014identify patients with AMI discharged home with (HHC+) and without HHC (HHC-). Linkage provided in the data identified patients who had 30-day readmission, our primary end-point. The probability for each patient to receive HHC was calculated by a multivariable logistic regression. Average treatment of treated weights were derived from propensity scores. Weight-adjusted logistic regression was used to determine impact of HHC on readmission. Results A total of 406 237 patients with AMI were discharged home. Patients in the HHC+ cohort (38 215 patients, 9.4%) were older (mean age 77 vs. 60 years P < 0.001), more likely women (53 vs. 26%, P < 0.001), have heart failure (5 vs. 0.5%, P < 0.001), chronic kidney disease (26 vs. 6%, P < 0.001) and diabetes (35 vs. 26%, P < 0.001). Patients readmitted within 30-days were older with higher rates of diabetes (RR = 1.4, 95% CI: 1.37-1.48) and heart failure (RR = 5.8, 95% CI: 5.5-6.2). Unadjusted 30-day readmission rates were 21 and 8% for HHC+ and HHC- patients, respectively. After adjustment, readmission was lower with HHC (21 vs. 24%, RR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.82-0.96; P < 0.001). Conclusion In the United States, AMI patients receiving HHC are older and have more comorbidities; however, HHC was associated with a lower 30-day readmission rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute myocardial infarction
  • home health care
  • readmission

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Home health care after discharge is associated with lower readmission rates for patients with acute myocardial infarction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this