Background: The Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services penalizes hospitals with high readmission rates after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Home health care (HHC) is a proven discharge support tool. We performed a propensity-matched analysis to determine impact of HHC on readmissions after CABG. Methods: We queried the National Readmissions Database (January 2012-December 2014) for patients undergoing isolated CABG discharged home with and without HHC. Primary end point was 30-day readmission. A well-balanced subset of patients with and without HHC was created with propensity matching. Weight-adjusted logistic regression was performed to determine impact of HHC on readmissions after CABG. Results: In our study, 204,184 patients (mean age. 64 years; 22% female) were discharged home after CABG; 86,206 (42%) received HHC. Old age (66 vs 63 years; P <.01), diabetes (46% vs 41%; P <.001), COPD (21% vs 18%; P <.01), peripheral arterial disease (14% vs 11%; P <.001), and chronic kidney disease (2% vs 1.5%; P =.01) were factors associated with HHC. With nearest-neighbor 1:1 matching without replacement, we identified 66,610 patient pairs (unweighted) for further analysis. Readmission occurred in 11.1% and 12.5% of patients with and without HHC, respectively. After adjustment for 21 clinical covariates, use of HHC (odds ratio, 0.816; 95% confidence interval, 0.808-0.823) led to significantly lower readmission rates (P <.001). Conclusions: HHC after coronary artery bypass surgery is more often provided to women, older patients, and those with diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial disease, and chronic lung or kidney dysfunction. HHC appears to be associated with reduced rates of early readmission.
- coronary artery bypass grafting
- home health care