Homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR): A better marker for evaluating insulin resistance than fasting insulin in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Hafsa Majid, Qamar Masood, Aysha Habib Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the utility of HOMA-IR in assessing insulin resistance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and compare it with fasting insulin for assessing insulin resistance (IR). Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Section of Clinical Chemistry, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2009 to September 2012. Methodology: Medical chart review of all women diagnosed with PCOS was performed. Of the 400 PCOS women reviewed, 91 met the inclusion criteria. Insulin resistance was assessed by calculating HOMA-IR using the formula (fasting glucose x fasting insulin)/405, taking normal value < 2 in adults and hyperinsulinemia based on fasting insulin levels ≥12 μIU/ml. Results: A total of 91 premenopausal women diagnosed with PCOS were included. Mean age was 30 ±5.5 years. Mean HOMA-IR of women was 3.1 ±1.7, respectively with IR in 69% (n=63) women, while hyperinsulinemia was present in 60% (n=55) women (fasting Insulin 18.5 ±5.8 μIU/ml). Hyperandrogenism was present in 53.8% (n=49), whereas 38.5% (n=35) women had primary infertility or subfertility, while 65.9% (n=60) had menstrual irregularities; and higher frequencies were observed in women with IR. Eight subjects with IR and endocrine abnormalities were missed by fasting insulin. Conclusion: Insulin resistance is common in PCOS and it is likely a pathogenic factor for development of PCOS. HOMAIR model performed better than hyperinsulinemia alone for diagnosing IR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-126
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Fasting glucose
  • Fasting insulin
  • Insulin resistance
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Women

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR): A better marker for evaluating insulin resistance than fasting insulin in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this