Hybrid simulation training: An effective teaching and learning modality for intrauterine contraceptive device insertion

Azra Amerjee, Munazza Akhtar, Iffat Ahmed, Sheikh Irfan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Hybrid simulation training (HST) is a teaching modality that combines patient interaction using simulated patient (SP) with pelvic model. This provides realism to learners, lacking in manikins alone. This study was designed to compare knowledge, procedural, and communication skills of medical students regarding intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) insertion before and after introducing HST and to assess learner satisfaction with this methodology. Methods: This quasi-experimental mixed-method study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from October 2016 to September 2017, for third-year medical students (n = 90). IUCD insertion was introduced to students through interactive session and provision of literature/video clip on IUCD insertion. Students were pretested on objectively structured clinical examination-station (IUCD insertion) using SP and manikin simultaneously. This was followed by practice on manikin and subsequent posttest on same OSCE-station. Learner evaluation of activity was through validated pro forma with both, Likert scale and open-ended questions. Results: Out of the 90 students, 73 completed pre/posttest and evaluation survey. There was significant increase in pre-and post-simulation mean scores for all clinical skills; history taking (5.1 pretest, 8.8 posttest, P ≤ 0.0005), counseling (40.11 pretest, 57.85 posttest, P ≤ 0.0005), procedural (15.16 pretest, 49.09 posttest, P ≤ 0.0005) and total scores (60 pretest, 115.6 posttest, P ≤ 0.0005), when compared using two-sided Wilcoxon signed rank sum test. Overall, activity was assessed as 'very good' to 'excellent' by 83.5% participants. Themes generated from open-ended questions of evaluation forms were 'Process-descriptors,' 'Teaching-utility,' 'Pedagogic-efficacy' and 'Way-forward.' Discussion: HST is an effective teaching strategy with potential to improve competency of medical students. Students acknowledged it, as innovative learning strategy that increased their satisfaction and confidence in performing IUCD insertion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalEducation for Health: Change in Learning and Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • Hybrid simulation
  • medical students
  • skills


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