Identification of Pathogenic Mutations in Primary Microcephaly- (MCPH-) Related Three Genes CENPJ, CASK, and MCPH1 in Consanguineous Pakistani Families

Niaz Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Shareef Masoud, Shahid Mahmood Baig, Muhammad Qasim, Junlei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microcephaly (MCPH) is a developmental anomaly of the brain known by reduced cerebral cortex and underdeveloped intellectual disability without additional clinical symptoms. It is a genetically and clinically heterogenous disorder. Twenty-five genes (involved in spindle positioning, Wnt signaling, centriole biogenesis, DNA repair, microtubule dynamics, cell cycle checkpoints, and transcriptional regulation) causing MCPH have been identified so far. Pakistani population has contributed in the identification of many MCPH genes. WES of three large consanguineous families revealed three pathogenic variants of MCPH1, CENPJ, and CASK. One novel (c.1254delT) deletion variant of MCPH1 and one known (c.18delC) deletion variant of CENPJ were identified in family 1 and 2, respectively. In addition to this, we also identified a missense variant (c.1289G>A) of CASK in males individuals in family 3. Missense mutation in the CASK gene is frequent in the boys with intellectual disability and autistic traits which are the common features that are associated with FG Syndrome 4. The study reports novel and reported mutant alleles disrupting the working of genes vital for normal brain functioning. The findings of this study enhance our understanding about the genetic architecture of primary microcephaly in our local pedigrees and add to the allelic heterogeneity of 3 known MCPH genes. The data generated will help to develop specific strategies to reduce the high incidence rate of MCPH in Pakistani population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3769948
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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