Immunohistochemical localization of S-100 protein in the saccule of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdnerii R.)

James D. Foster, Marian J. Drescher, Khalid M. Khan, Dennis G. Drescher

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The distribution of S-100-like immunoreactivity in the trout saccule (a presumed organ of hearing in fish) has been determined by means of immunohistochemistry. Within the sensory epithelium of the saccular macula, hair cells and myelinated saccular nerve fibers were found to be immunoreactive. Hair-cell immunoreactivity was relatively uniform throughout the macula except at the extreme periphery (rostral, caudal, ventral and dorsal), where staining was either decreased or absent. The immunoreactivity associated with myelinated nerve fibers was greatest at the peripheral edges of the nerve processes, a position corresponding to the location of Schwann cells. However, the nerve processes themselves (within and subjacent to the sensory epithelium), as well as cell bodies within the saccular nerve, were also immunoreactive. Thus, the immunoreactivity of the saccular nerve observed above the basal lamina can be attributed to the saccular nerve processes as well as to nerve-associated Schwann cells. Overall, the immunoreactivity displayed by hair cells was less intense than that associated with myelinated saccular nerve, as evidenced by a disappearance of signal in hair cells first, upon serial dilution of antibody. No S-100-like immunoreactivity was observed in supporting cells within the sensory epithelium or in epithelial cells in non-sensory regions. A concentration of S-100-like immunoreactivity in hair cells and saccular nerve is suggestive of the presence of S-100 calcium-binding protein-mediated activities in these cell types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Number of pages9
JournalHearing Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993


  • Calcium-binding proteins
  • Hair cells
  • Saccule
  • Salmo gairdnerii


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