OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of nutrition support team (NST) on achieving an early target caloric goal in mechanically ventilated children admitted in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: An early enteral nutrition protocol (EENP) was implemented by NST to ensure early and adequate nutrition provision to PICU patients. All children (1 month- 18 years) that were admitted in PICU for >2days and received mechanical ventilation, with no contraindications to enteral feed, were included and data was compared with those of pre-intervention. The adequacy of energy intake was defined as 70% achievement of target energy intake on the third day of admission. Chi-square/t-test was used to determine the difference between different variables pre and post intervention. RESULTS: Total 180 patients (99 and 81 in pre- and post-intervention group, respectively) were included. Overall, 115 (63.9%) received adequate calories (70%) on third day of admission. Of which 69 (85.2%) were from post intervention (P < 0.001; odds ratio [OR] 6.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.195-13.73). Moreover, NST intervention also promoted adequate protein intake in 62 (76.5%) children compared to 37 (37.4%) in pre-intervention group (P < 0.001, OR 5.468, 95% CI 2.838- 10.534). The median (interquartile range) length of PiCU stay in pre-NST group was 6 (4-9) days and in NST supported group was 4 (3-4) days (OR 0.580, CI 0.473-0.712, P < 0.001). Age, severity of illness, multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, sepsis, need of organ support had no effect in achievement of caloric target in both the groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Introduction of EENP with NST helped in the achievement of better and quicker target caloric intake.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2022|