Impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on environment, society, and food security

Hafiz Mohkum Hammad, Hafiz Muhammad Fasihuddin Nauman, Farhat Abbas, Rashid Jawad, Wajid Farhad, Muhammad Shahid, Hafiz Faiq Bakhat, Aitazaz A. Farooque, Muhammad Mubeen, Shah Fahad, Artemi Cerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 is a viral and transferable disease caused by severe respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2. It can spread through breathing droplets in human beings. It caused 5.32 million deaths around the world at the end of 2021. COVID-19 has caused several positive impacts as well, such as a reduction in air, water, and noise pollution. However, its negative impacts are by far critical such as increased death rate, increased release of microcontaminants (pesticides, biocides, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), flame retardants, and heavy metals), increased biomedical waste generation due to excessive use of safety equipment and its disposal, and municipal solid waste generation. Environmental pollution was significantly reduced due to lockdown during the COVID-19 period. Therefore, the quality of air and water improved. COVID-19 affected all sections of the population, particularly the most vulnerable members of society, and thus pushed more people into poverty. At the world level, it increased risks to food safety by increasing prices and lowering revenues, forcing households to reduce their food consumption in terms of quantity and quality. COVID-19 also upset various exercises e.g., horticulture, fisheries, domesticated animals, and agribusiness hence prohibiting the development of merchandise for poor-country ranchers. Most of the patients can self-recover from COVID-19 if they do not have any other diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart problems. Predictably, the appropriate execution of the proposed approaches (vaccination, wearing face masks, social distancing, sustainable industrialization) is helpful for worldwide environmental sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99261-99272
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • Microcontaminants
  • Pollution
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Social distance


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