Implementation of surgical site infection surveillance in low- and middle-income countries a position statement for the international society for infectious diseases: a position statement for the international society for infectious diseases

Shaheen Mehtar, Anthony Wanyoro, Folasade Ogunsola, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Peter Nthumba, Claire Kilpatrick, Gunturu Revathi, Anastasia Antoniadou, Helen Giamarelou, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, John W. Ramatowski, Victor D. Rosenthal, Julie Storr, Tamer Saied Osman, Joseph S. Solomkin

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surgical site infection (SSI) rates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) range from 8 to 30% of procedures, making them the most frequent healthcare-acquired infection (HAI) with substantial morbidity, mortality, and economic impacts. Presented here is an approach to surgical site infection prevention based on surveillance and focused on five critical areas identified by international experts. These five areas include 1. Collecting valid, high-quality data; 2. Linking HAIs to economic incapacity, underscoring the need to prioritize infection prevention activities; 3. Implementing SSI surveillance within infection prevention and control (IPC) programs to enact structural changes, develop procedural skills, and alter healthcare worker behaviors; 4. Prioritizing IPC training for healthcare workers in LMICs to conduct broad-based surveillance and to develop and implement locally applicable IPC programs; and 5. Developing a highly accurate and objective international system for defining SSIs, which can be translated globally in a straightforward manner. Finally, we present a clear, unambiguous framework for successful SSI guideline implementation that supports developing sustainable IPC programs in LMICs. This entails 1. Identifying index operations for targeted surveillance; 2. Identifying IPC “champions” and empowering healthcare workers; 3. Using multimodal improvement measures; 4. Positioning hand hygiene programs as the basis for IPC initiatives; 5. Use of telecommunication devices for surveillance and healthcare outcome follow-ups. Additionally, special considerations for pediatric SSIs, antimicrobial resistance development, and antibiotic stewardship programs are addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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