Implementation of warning tool to improve maternal newborn health outcomes in a developing country

Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Sidrah Nausheen, Rozina Sikandar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To improve health outcomes through the implementation of national early warning sign tool for babies delivered through emergency caesarean section in off-work hours. Methods: This comparative clinical study was conducted at the Aga Khan Hospital for Women and Children, Karachi, from April to August 2014, and comprised women who had an emergency caesarean section. Maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared of patients in Group A and Group B which represented individuals before and after the implementation of the national early warning score respectively. Results: Of the 200 participants, there were 100(50%) in each group. The overall mean age was 26.79±5.10 years. The mean age was 26.3±5 years in Group A, and 27.2±5 years in Group B (p=0.25). The two groups were also comparable in terms of parity (p=0.77) and co-morbidities (p =0.51). There was no stillbirth or maternal death, but decline in complications due to post-partum haemorrhage (p=0.00) was observed due to early recognition and timely management. None of the women required referral to higher facility. Conclusion: National early warning score was found to be a practical early warning tool for obstetric population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017


  • Early warning tool
  • Emergency caesarean section
  • Maternal outcome


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