Implementing a public-private mix model for tuberculosis treatment in urban Pakistan: Lessons and experiences

S. A. Naqvi, M. Naseer, A. Kazi, A. Pethani, I. Naeem, S. Zainab, Zafar Fatmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


SETTING: Six towns of Karachi, Pakistan. OBJECTIVES: 1) To strengthen the capacity of general practitioners (GPs) in providing tuberculosis (TB) treatment through DOTS; and 2) to enhance collaboration between the public and private sectors in TB management and case reporting. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study design was adopted to ensure enrolment of TB patients through trained GPs with the support of laboratory networks and to improve the case detection rate. RESULTS: The following challenges were faced during implementation of the model in urban settings: no systematic list of GPs was available; the majority of the GPs were untrained health practitioners working in squatter settlements, where formally trained GPs are most needed; the motivation of GPs with high patient loads is very low; and access to a laboratory is difficult. Of 35 patients enrolled in the first quarter (third quarter 2009), 87% completed their treatment successfully. CONCLUSION: Public-private mix (PPM) DOTS is feasible in the cities of Pakistan. However, the cost, time and effort required to establish the programme is higher than in many other developing countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-821
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012


  • DOTS
  • Karachi
  • NTP


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