In-Vitro Comparison Of Micro-Leakage Between Nanocomposite And Microhybrid Composite In Class V Cavities Treated With The Self-Etch Technique

Syeda Mahvish Hussain, Farhan Raza Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: When a light cure composite resin is used to restore a class V lesion, certain stresses are generated at the tooth-restoration interface. If these stresses exceed the bond strength of the restorative material, microscopic gaps are formed which eventually cause micro-leakage at the tooth-restoration interface. The objective of the present study was to compare the micro-leakage values at the tooth-restoration interface using dye penetration method between a Nano filled and a Micro hybrid light cured composite resin in class V cavities using the self-etch technique.

METHODS: Sixty class V cavities were made coronal to the cemento-enamel junction in the extracted premolars. These were then randomly divided into two study groups. Group A: Self-etch; filled with P-60 (microhybrid) n=30. Group B: Self-etch; filled with Z-350 (nano-filled) n=30. Specimens were subjected to thermo-cycling at 5-55 °C±2 °C with a 30 seconds dwell time. After which they were stained with 2% methylene blue. Later, sectioned bucco-lingually and examined using a stereo microscope (magnification X4) at the occlusal, axial and gingival surfaces. Micro-leakage around the toothrestoration interface was assessed by using the degree of dye penetration in millimetres.

RESULTS: There was 100% micro leakage seen at both the occlusal and gingival surfaces when using the P-60 composite. With the Z-350 composite 84% occlusal and 88% of the gingival surfaces exhibited microleakage..

CONCLUSIONS: With respect to micro-leakage in class V cavities, Z-350 was found to be a superior restorative material compared to P-60 on the occlusal surface. Overall, there is no statistically significant difference in the micro-leakage exhibited by the two restorative materials in class V preparations subjected to self-etch protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-448
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • Class V lesions
  • nanocomposite and micro-hybrid composite
  • self-etch


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