Incidence and predisposing factors for de novo post-COVID-19 irritable bowel syndrome

Mehreen Siyal, Zaigham Abbas, Javeria Ashraf, Muhammad Ali Qadeer, Abeer Altaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a known entity. We evaluated the incidence of post-COVID-19 IBS in patients discharged from the hospital and analyzed its correlation with the clinical and laboratory parameters, and treatment during the hospital stay. Methods Three hundred three COVID-19 hospitalized patients without prior history of IBS were prospectively followed after their discharge and were evaluated as per Rome-IV criteria for IBS. Results One hundred seventy-eight patients were males (58.7%). The age range was 17-95 years (mean ± SD, 55.9 ± 15.8). A total of 194 (64%) had mild COVID-19, 74 (24.4%) had moderate COVID-19, whereas 35 (11.6%) had severe COVID-19 infection. Sixteen (5.3%) patients had concomitant GI symptoms during COVID-19 infection. IBS symptoms were found to be present in 32 (10.6%) patients, out of which 17 (53.13%) had diarrhea-predominant, 10 (31.25%) had constipation-predominant, and five (15.62%) had mixed-type IBS. Post-COVID-19 IBS was more common in the female sex (P < 0.001), concomitant GI symptoms with COVID-19 (P < 0.001), oxygen requirement (P = 0.015), deranged liver function tests at the time of admission (P = 0.002), high procalcitonin (P = 0.013), high C-reactive protein levels (P = 0.035); whereas negative correlation was found with remdesivir treatment (P = 0.047). After performing regression analysis, female sex (P < 0.001), oxygen requirement during hospital stay (P = 0.016), GI symptoms during COVID-19 infection (P < 0.001), and high procalcitonin levels (P = 0.017) were independently associated with post-COVID-19 IBS. Conclusion GI symptoms during active COVID-19 infection increase the chances of developing post-COVID-19 IBS. The risk of developing post-COVID-19 IBS increases in female patients, those requiring oxygen and having high procalcitonin levels during COVID-19 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-63
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • incidence
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • predisposition

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