Individual differences in verbal abilities associated with regional blurring of the left gray and white matter boundary

Karen Blackmon, Eric Halgren, William B. Barr, Chad Carlson, Orrin Devinsky, Jonathan DuBois, Brian T. Quinn, Jacqueline French, Ruben Kuzniecky, Thomas Thesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Blurring of the cortical gray and white matter border onMRIis associated with normal aging, pathological aging, and the presence of focal cortical dysplasia. However, it remains unclear whether normal variations in signal intensity contrast at the gray and white matter junction reflect the functional integrity of subjacent tissue. This study explores the relationship between verbal abilities and gray and white matter contrast (GWC) in healthy human adults. Participants were scanned at 3 T MRI and administered standardized measures of verbal expression and verbal working memory.GWCwas estimated by calculating the non-normalized T1 image intensity contrast above and below the cortical gray/white matter interface. Spherical averaging and whole-brain correlational analyses were performed. Sulcal regions exhibited higher contrast compared to gyral regions. We found a strongly lateralized and regionally specific profile with reduced verbal expression abilities associated with blurring in left hemisphere inferior frontal cortex and temporal pole. Reduced verbal working memory was associated with blurring in widespread left frontal and temporal cortices. Such lateralized and focal results provide support for GWC as a measure of regional functional integrity and highlight its potential role in probing the neuroanatomical substrates of cognition in healthy and diseased populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15257-15263
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Individual differences in verbal abilities associated with regional blurring of the left gray and white matter boundary'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this