Integrating Typhoid Fever Within the Sustainable Development Goals: Pragmatism or Utopia?

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Several decades following the first estimates of the global burden of typhoidal salmonellosis (infections caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi), this disorder remains a major cause of morbidity worldwide with an estimated 17 million cases annually. The risk factors for typhoid include poverty, poor living conditions with unsafe water and lack of adequate sanitation, and unsafe foods - all reasons for the disease burden being highest among such populations including urban slums. A recent review of typhoid trends globally and in specific countries suggests that the relative contributions of these risk factors to disease burden reduction as well as persistence have varied. There is also the risk of periodic outbreaks related to introduction of relatively virulent drug-resistant strains or movements of vulnerable populations, including those in conflict zones. Most countries of the world are now aligning their health and multisectoral strategies to address the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets, which were agreed upon by all countries of the world in September 2015. Though neglected so far, there are huge opportunities for mainstreaming typhoid prevention and control strategies within the SDGs. This article reviews some of the approaches that may help elevate typhoid to a higher level of awareness in public health programs and policy and to ensure that investments in major public health preventive measures are made part of the universal health coverage agenda.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S34-S41
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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