IoT Enabled Deep Learning Based Framework for Multiple Object Detection in Remote Sensing Images

Imran Ahmed, Misbah Ahmad, Abdellah Chehri, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Gwanggil Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Advanced collaborative and communication technologies play a significant role in intelligent services and applications, including artificial intelligence, Internet of Things (IoT), remote sensing, robotics, future generation wireless, and aerial access networks. These technologies improve connectivity, energy efficiency, and quality of services of various smart city applications, particularly in transportation, monitoring, healthcare, public services, and surveillance. A large amount of data can be obtained by IoT systems and then examined by deep learning methods for various applications, e.g., object detection or recognition. However, it is a challenging and complex task in smart remote monitoring applications (aerial and drone). Nevertheless, it has gained special consideration in recent years and has performed a pivotal role in different control and monitoring applications. This article presents an IoT-enabled smart surveillance solution for multiple object detection through segmentation. In particular, we aim to provide the concept of collaborative drones, deep learning, and IoT for improving surveillance applications in smart cities. We present an artificial intelligence-based system using the deep learning based segmentation model PSPNet (Pyramid Scene Parsing Network) for segmenting multiple objects. We used an aerial drone data set, implemented data augmentation techniques, and leveraged deep transfer learning to boost the system’s performance. We investigate and analyze the performance of the segmentation paradigm with different CNN (Convolution Neural Network) based architectures. The experimental results illustrate that data augmentation enhances the system’s performance by producing good accuracy results of multiple object segmentation. The accuracy of the developed system is 92% with VGG-16 (Visual Geometry Group), 93% with ResNet-50 (Residual Neural Network), and 95% with MobileNet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4107
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume14
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IoT
  • PSPNet
  • aerial computing
  • artificial intelligence
  • remote sensing

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