Journey From Black To Pink Gums: Management Of Melanin Induced Physiological Gingival Hyper Pigmentation

Huma Farid, Muhammad Saad Shinwari, Farhan Raza Khan, Farzin Tanwir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Smile is an expression of happiness, self-confidence, kindness and beauty. Along with teeth and lips, gingiva is also a vital component of smile. Melanin induced gingival hyper pigmentation may appear un-aesthetic especially when it is associated with high smile line, upper anterior labial segment and is uneven in appearance. It affects individuals from all races. Generally, it is believed that melanin induced gingival hyper pigmentation is confined to individuals from dark races. But studies have shown that Iranian, Indian, Italian, Arabian, Greek. German, French, Japanese, Chinese, Jewish, Thai, Malaysian and other ethnic groups also display clinical gingival pigmentation.1 Gingival hyper pigmentation may result in psychological distress especially when the appearance is of utmost importance for the individuals. This article aims to focus on the physiology, clinical appearance and treatment options available for the melanin induced gingival hyper pigmentation along with the reported recurrence in the light of current literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Black gums
  • Gingival Hyperpigmentation
  • Gums
  • Physiological pigmentation


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