Knowledge, attitude and misconceptions regarding tuberculosis in Pakistani patients

Javaid Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Irfan, Amna Zaki, Madiha Beg, Syed Fayyaz Hussain, Nadeem Rizvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess knowledge of patients with tuberculosis; about their disease and misconceptions regarding TB. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Out-patient clinics of two teaching hospitals (private and public) in Karachi, Pakistan. A questionnaire was filled for the purpose. Results: A total of 170 patients were interviewed, 112 from private and 58 from a public sector hospital. Cough, fever, bloody sputum and chest pain were recognized as the common symptoms of TB. Eleven (7%) patients thought TB was not an infectious disease and 18 (10.6%) did not consider it a preventable disease. Contaminated food was considered the source of infection by 81 (47.6%) and 96 (57%) considered emotional trauma/stress the causative agent of TB. No counseling about preventing spread was received by 81 (50%) patients and 97 (57%) considered separating dishes as an important means of preventing spread. Thirty one (18%) patients would have discontinued their medications following relief of symptoms. Thirty nine (23%) of the respondents thought that TB could lead to infertility and 66 (38.8%) believed that there were reduced chances of getting married following infection. Conclusion: Misconceptions concerning TB are common in Pakistani patients. Lack of knowledge on Tuberculosis is alarming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2006


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