Lady health workers programme in Pakistan: Challenges, achievements and the way forward

Assad Hafeez, Bile Khalif Mohamud, Mobasher Riaz Shiekh, Syed Ayyaz Imran Shah, Rashid Jooma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To review the Lady Health Workers programme and critically explore various aspects of the process to extract tangible implications for other similar situations. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out over a period of one year (2007-08). A detailed desk review of project documents, interaction with relevant stakeholders, performance validation and extensive feedback from the community were collected. The data so obtained was analyzed and evaluated against predetermined benchmarks. Results: Each LHW serves a population of 1,000 people in the community and extends her services in the catchment population through monthly home visits. The scope of work includes over 20 tasks covering all aspects of maternal, newborn and child care. Total cost incurred on each worker is averaged at PKR 44,000 (US $ 570) per anum. Almost 60% of the total population of Pakistan, mostly rural, is covered by the programme with more than 90,000 LHWs allover the country. The health indicators are significantly better than the national average, in the areas served by the LHWs. Conclusions: The LHW programme has led to a development of a very well placed cader that links first level care facilities to the community thus improving the delivery of primary health care services. However, despite its success and the trust it has earned from the community, there are certain areas which need special attention which include poor support from sub-optimal functional health facilities, financial constraints and political interference leading to management issues. The future carries a number of challenges for management of the programme which have been highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Childcare
  • Health facilities
  • Lady health workers
  • Maternal care
  • Primary health care


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