Learning Outcomes from Participation in Student-Run Health Clinics: A Systematic Review

Oliver W.A. Wilson, Patrick Broman, Ema Tokolahi, Patrea Andersen, Sharon Brownie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Student-run clinics (SRCs) offer unique opportunities for students to engage in healthcare delivery, but the student learning outcomes of such clinics have not yet been systematically examined in a comprehensive manner. The purpose of this review was to appraise and synthesize existing literature pertaining to student learning outcomes associated with participation in SRCs. A systematic review was undertaken using PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases. The quality of articles that met inclusion criteria articles was appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT). Study details, such as learning outcomes, were also extracted. Ninety-two studies met inclusion criteria. Most studies were conducted in North America (n = 73, 79.3%), and related to clinics involving solely medical students (n = 35, 38.0%) or multi-professional clinics (n = 34, 37.0%). Demonstrated learning outcomes of SRC participation include clinical skills, interprofessional skills, empathy/compassion for underserved patients, and leadership. SRC participation had little apparent impact on students’ future career directions. Quality appraisal via the MMAT found mixed levels of research quality amongst reviewed studies. In summary, while SRC participation appears to offer benefits for student learning, improved study design and research outside of North American contexts would further advance knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • health workforce
  • healthcare
  • interprofessional education
  • multidisciplinary research
  • student-assisted
  • student-led clinics
  • student-run
  • undergraduate education


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