We report a case of a longstanding, large tumor involving spinal nerve roots of the cauda equina. The tumor showed small round cells arranged in nests and cords and immunophenotypic features of a glomus tumor, along with infrequent mitoses and a low Ki-67 labeling index, but exhibited some rosette-like structures, with focal CD99 and Neu-N expression. Subsequent molecular analysis showed the presence of an EWSR1-WT1 gene fusion by fluorescence in situ hybridization, which was confirmed by reverse- transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported with EWSR1-WT1 fusion in a small round blue cell tumor with smooth muscle differentiation and an indolent course.
- Desmoplastic small round cell tumor
- Glomus tumor
- Spinal nerves