Major incidents in Kenya: The case for emergency services development and training

Benjamin W. Wachira, Wayne Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Kenya's major incidents profile is dominated by droughts, floods, fires, terrorism, poisoning, collapsed buildings, accidents in the transport sector and disease/epidemics. With no integrated emergency services and a lack of resources, many incidents in Kenya escalate to such an extent that they become major incidents. Lack of specific training of emergency services personnel to respond to major incidents, poor coordination of major incident management activities, and a lack of standard operational procedures and emergency operation plans have all been shown to expose victims to increased morbidity and mortality. This report provides a review of some of the major incidents in Kenya for the period 2000-2012, with the hope of highlighting the importance of developing an integrated and well-trained Ambulance and Fire and Rescue service appropriate for the local health care system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-173
Number of pages4
JournalPrehospital and Disaster Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


  • Disasters
  • EMS
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Emergency medicine
  • Firefighters


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